PLAN - Jiangkai I & II Frigates
By Jeff Head - Last Update: December 8, 2014








This page describes the modern class of Chinese PLAN frigates, the Jiangkai I (Type 054) and Jiangkai II (Type 054A) Class frigates.
PLAN MODERN GUIDED MISSILE FRIGATES (FFGs - JIANGKAI I & II)
SPECIFICATIONS PHOTOGRAPHS (Click on the pictures for an enlarged photo)
The Jiangkai Class, Type 054
Qty: 2
Length: 134m
Beam: 16m.
Draft: 6m
Displace (Full): 3,600 ton
Propulsion:
- MAN Diesel SA 16 PA6V-280 STC diesel engines, 2 shafts
- 4,720kW (6,330hp) ea.
- 18,880kW (25,320hp) toal
Speed: 27+ knots
Range: 6,500 nautical miles (18 knots) est.
Crew: 250 est.
Helicopter(s): Pad and hanger - 1 x KA-27 ASW helicopter
Sensors:
- Type 360S 2D radar, 150km aircraft, 50km sea-skimming missiles
- Type 347G radar (I-band) for CIWS fire-control
- Type 344 radar (I/J-band) for main gun & anti-ship missile targeting
- Type 345 radar (J-band) for HQ-7 SAM fire-control
- Type MR-36A surface search radar operating at I-band.
- Type MGK-335 fixed sonar, Bull Horn active & Whale Tongue passive
Armament:
- 1 x 8 HQ-7 SR AAM
- 8 x YJ-83 SSM
- 1 x 76mm DP Gun
- 4 x AK-630 30mm CIWS, 5000 rpm, 4000 m
- 6 x 533mm torpedoes
- 2 x Type 87 240mm, 6 tube anti-sub rocket launchers. 36 rockets 1,200m

Built in 2003, the Type 054, Jiangkai I class frigates became the People's Liberation army Navy (PLAN)'s first true multi-mission, modern guided missile frigates.

They have reduced radar signature hulls, carry a mediun ASW helicopter, carry eight anti-surface missiles, but are very weak on air defense. That was corrected in the Type 054A class Frigates which have been built in large numbers in series production and are decribed below.

Ship List: (Date launched and shipyard)

FFG 525 MaanShan, 2003-1109, HD
FFG 526 Wenzhou, 2003-1130, HP




SPECIFICATIONS PHOTOGRAPHS (Click on the pictures for an enlarged photo)
The Jiangkai II Class, Type 054A
Qty: 20 (2 more building)
Length: 134m
Beam: 16m.
Draft: 6m
Displace (Full): 4,000 ton
Propulsion:
- MAN Diesel SA 16 PA6V-280 STC diesel engines, 2 shafts
- 4,720kW (6,330hp) ea.
- 18,880kW (25,320hp) toal
Speed: 30+ knots
Range: 6,500 nautical miles (18 knots) est.
Crew: 250 est.
Helicopter(s): Pad and hanger - 1 x KA-27 ASW helicopter
Sensors:
- Fregat-MAE-5 (Top Plate) 3D radar, 120km aircraft, 50km sea-skimming
- MR90 (Front Dome) F-band radars for air defence missiles
- Mineral-ME (Band Stand) radar, ASM missile control & OTH targeting
- Type 347G I-band radars, two for Type 730 CIWS & 1 or 76mm gun
- TR47C fire-control radar integrated in Type 730 CIWS
- MR36 (Type 346) surface search radar
- Type MGK-335 fixed sonar, Bull Horn active & Whale Tongue passive
Armament:
- 1 x 32 VLS 9M38/HQ-16 MR AAM
- 8 x YJ-83 SSM
- 1 x 76mm DP Gun
- 2 x Type 730 30mm CIWS, 5800 rpm, 3000 m
- 6 x 533mm torpedoes
- 2 x Type 87 240mm, 6 tube anti-sub rocket launchers. 36 rockets 1,200m

Beginning in 2006, the PLAN began to produce a newer, upgraded version of the Type 054 guided missile frigate. These have been being built at two PLAN shipyard, Huangpu and Hudong. They have designated these vessels as the Type 054A, or Jiangkai II, frigate. This vessel has slight modifications to the hull of the Type 054A, but significant upgrades to the armament, increasing the anti-air defense of the vessel by adding a 32 cell verticle launch system (VLS) to the fore deck of the ship, employing 32 medium range (HQ16) anti-air missiles and the upgraded readars and sensors to guide and direct them. Since 2006, the PLAN has been in serial production for these vessels at both yards, launching 2-3 of them per year.

These are very capable, modern multi-purpose/role frigates that are providing strong escort capabilities to the PLANs capital vessels like the Type 071 LPD Class and particularly their new PLAN aircraft carrier. They have been very active in the Gulf of Aden anti-pirace deploymnets for the PLAN for the last several years.

Currently, twenty-one on these strong frigates have been launched with a twenty-second building. There are reports that the PLAN will be building a follow-won variant, possibly the Type 054B or other designation.

Ship List by Pennant Number (Launch Date and Shipyard)

FFG 529 Zhoushan,2006-1221, HD
FFG 530 Xuzhou, 2006-0930, HP
FFG 532 nnnnnnnnn, 2014-1015 HD
FFG 538 Yantai, 2010-0824, HP
FFG 546 Yancheng, 2011-0427, HD
FFG 547 Linyi, 2011-1213, HP
FFG 548 Yiyang, 2009-1117, HP
FFG 549 Changzhou,2010-0521, HD
FFG 550 Weifang, 2012-0709, HD
FFG 568 Hengyang,2007-0523, HD
FFG 569 Yulin, 2009-0428, HD
FFG 570 Huangshan, 2007-0318,HP
FFG 571 Yuncheng, 2009-0208, HP
FFG 572 Hengshui, 2011-0521 HP
FFG 573 Liuzhou, 2011-1210 HD
FFG 574 Sanya, 2012-1130 HD
FFG 575 Yeuyang, 2012-0509 HP
FFG 576 Huangshi, 2013-0928 HP
FFG 577 Huanggang, 2014-0725 HP
FFG 578 Yangzhou, 2013-0425 HP
FFG 579 Sanmenxia, 2013-0930 HD

Note: Of these vessels, 532 was just launched (Nov 2014) and another is still building. At this point, there will be two Type 054s and twenty-two Type 054As, or twenty-four very modern frigates, the last twenty-two of which will have been built in just over eight years. At that point, the PLAN may well begin building their newer, Type 054B frigate.



























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Jeff Head is an engineering consultant with many years experience in the power, defense, and computer industries. He currently works for the federal government helping maintain and protect regional infrastructure. He is a member of the U.S. Naval Institute, and is also the author of a self-published and best-selling series of military techno-thrillers called the Dragon's Fury that projects a fictional third world war arising out of current events. You can learn more about that series by clicking on the pictures of the novel covers below:


THE DRAGON'S FURY SERIES

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