PLAN - Jiangkai I & II Frigates
By Jeff Head - Last Update: October 7, 2013








This page describes the modern class of Chinese PLAN frigates, the Jiangkai I (Type 054) and Jiangkai II (Type 054A) Class frigates.
PLAN MODERN GUIDED MISSILE FRIGATES (FFGs - JIANGKAI I & II)
SPECIFICATIONS PHOTOGRAPHS (Click on the pictures for an enlarged photo)
The Jiangkai Class, Type 054
Qty: 2
Length: 134m
Beam: 16m.
Draft: 6m
Displace (Full): 3,600 ton
Propulsion:
- MAN Diesel SA 16 PA6V-280 STC diesel engines, 2 shafts
- 4,720kW (6,330hp) ea.
- 18,880kW (25,320hp) toal
Speed: 27+ knots
Range: 6,500 nautical miles (18 knots) est.
Crew: 250 est.
Helicopter(s): 1 KA-27 ASW
Sensors:
- Type 360S 2D radar, 150km aircraft, 50km sea-skimming missiles
- Type 347G radar (I-band) for CIWS fire-control
- Type 344 radar (I/J-band) for main gun & anti-ship missile targeting
- Type 345 radar (J-band) for HQ-7 SAM fire-control
- Type MR-36A surface search radar operating at I-band.
- Type MGK-335 fixed sonar, Bull Horn active & Whale Tongue passive
Armament:
- 1 x 8 HQ-7 SR AAM
- 8 x YJ-83 SSM
- 1 x 76mm DP Gun
- 4 x AK-630 30mm CIWS, 5000 rpm, 4000 m
- 6 x 533mm torpedoes
- 2 x Type 87 240mm, 6 tube anti-sub rocket launchers. 36 rockets 1,200m

Built in 2003, the two Type 054, Jiangkai I class frigates became the People's Liberation army Navy (PLAN)'s first true multi-mission, modern guided missile frigates.

They have reduced radar signature hulls, carry a mediun ASW helicopter, carry eight anti-surface missiles, but are very weak on air defense. That was corrected in the Type 054A class Frigates which have been built in large numbers in series production and are decribed below.

Ship List: (Date launched and shipyard)

FFG 525 MaanShan, 2003-1109, HD
FFG 526 Wenzhou, 2003-1130, HP




SPECIFICATIONS PHOTOGRAPHS (Click on the pictures for an enlarged photo)
The Jiangkai II Class, Type 054A
Qty: 17 (3 more planned)
Length: 134m
Beam: 16m.
Draft: 6m
Displace (Full): 4,000 ton
Propulsion:
- MAN Diesel SA 16 PA6V-280 STC diesel engines, 2 shafts
- 4,720kW (6,330hp) ea.
- 18,880kW (25,320hp) total
Speed: 30+ knots
Range: 6,500 nautical miles (18 knots) est.
Crew: 250 est.
Helicopter(s): 1 KA-27 ASW
Sensors:
- Fregat-MAE-5 (Top Plate) 3D radar, 120km aircraft, 50km sea-skimming
- MR90 (Front Dome) F-band radars for air defence missiles
- Mineral-ME (Band Stand) radar, ASM missile control & OTH targeting
- Type 347G I-band radars, two for Type 730 CIWS & 1 or 76mm gun
- TR47C fire-control radar integrated in Type 730 CIWS
- MR36 (Type 346) surface search radar
- Type MGK-335 fixed sonar, Bull Horn active & Whale Tongue passive
Armament:
- 1 x 32 VLS 9M38/HQ-16 MR AAM
- 8 x YJ-83 SSM
- 1 x 76mm DP Gun
- 2 x Type 730 30mm CIWS, 5800 rpm, 3000 m
- 6 x 533mm torpedoes
- 2 x Type 87 240mm, 6 tube anti-sub rocket launchers. 36 rockets 1,200m

Beginning in 2006, the PLAN began to produce a newer, upgraded version of the Type 054 FFG, the Type 054A, or Jiangkai II. This vessel has slight modifications to the hull, but principally increased the anti-air defense of the vessel significantly by adding a 32 cell vertical launch system (VLS) to the fore deck of the ship, employing 32 medium range (HQ16) anti-air missiles and the sensors to guide and direct them.

Since that time, the PLAN has been in serial production of these vessels for seven years now, building 2-3 per year. Nineteen have been launched in that time, and at least one more is building. At least twenty will be build and there is speculation that as many as 24 will be built before the PLAN adopts an even newer design. These are very capable multi-purpose/role frigates that will provide strong surface action capabilities, flag showing capabilities, and particularly escort capabilities to the PLAN's capital vessels like the Type 071 LPD Class and their new Liaoning aircraft carrier, CV_16.

Launched Ship List by Pennant Number, Name, Launch Date, and Yard:

FFG 529 Zhoushan,2006-1221, HP
FFG 530 Xuzhou, 2006-0930, HD
FFG 538 Yantai, 2010-0824, HP
FFG 546 Yancheng, 2011-0427, HD
FFG 547 Linyi, 2011-1213, HP
FFG 548 Yiyang, 2009-1117, HP
FFG 549 Changzhou,2010-0520, HD
FFG 550 Weifang, 2012-0709, HD
FFG 568 Hengyang,2007-0523, HD
FFG 569 Yulin, 2009-0428, HD
FFG 570 Huangshan, 2007-0318,HP
FFG 571 Yuncheng, 2009-0208, HP
FFG 572 HengShui, 2011-0521 HP
FFG 573 Liuzhou, 2011-1210 HD
FFG 574 Shaoyang, 2012-1130 HD
FFG 575 Yueyang, 2012-0509 HP
FFG 576 Huangshi, 2013-0928 HD
FFG 577(?) Unnamed, 2013-0428 HD
FFG 578(?) Sanmexia, 2013-0930 HP

Note: Of the twenty vessels, nineteen have been launched, one is under construction, and sixteen are in service. The PLAN will undoubtedly produce a follow-on, improved version called the Type 054B. To date the exact specifictions and numer that will be built are all indeterminate.























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Jeff Head is an engineering consultant with many years experience in the power, defense, and computer industries. He currently works for the federal government helping maintain and protect regional infrastructure. He is a member of the U.S. Naval Institute, and is also the author of a self-published and best-selling series of military techno-thrillers called the Dragon's Fury that projects a fictional third world war arising out of current events. You can learn more about that series by clicking on the pictures of the novel covers below:


THE DRAGON'S FURY SERIES

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